The 7 most famous Basque mythological figures

The 7 most famous Basque mythological figures

Every culture has its own myths and legends, and the Basque Country is no exception. From prehistoric times on, and then under the influence of the Romans and the Christians, Basque mythology evolved into richer forms, adding characters and tales to its reservoir.

As in many other cultures, Basque mythology builds upon the four natural elements, "sua" (fire), "lurra" (earth), "airea" (air) and "ura" (water). 🔥 🌱🌬️💧

Today we're sharing with you the 7 most famous Basque mythological figures:

1. Amalur

The goddess of the earth. 🌍

 From "ama" (mother) and "lur" (earth).

Amalur. Basque. From "ama" (mother) and "lur" (earth). Bihotz Paris

2. Basajaun

Literally means ‘Lord of the Forest’. Is the wild man of the woods. 🌳

From "baso" (forest) and "jaun" (lord).

Basajaun. Basque. From "baso" (forest) and "jaun" (lord). Bihotz Paris.

3. Mari

A mother goddess, and wife of the deity Sugaar.

She personifies the sacred unity of the cosmos. That's why she can take form of any manifestation of life (human, animal, vegetable...). 🧬🌱

 

4. Herensuge

A dragon of seven heads, who plays an important role in a few legends. 🐉

 

5. Iratxoak

Basque imps, which can be helpful or mischievous depending on how well one treats them. 🧚

 

6. Lamiak

Nymphs with bird feet that dwell in rivers and springs. 🧜‍♀️

 

7. Sorginak

Sorginak, witches in english. They're the handmaidens and assistants of the goddess Mari. ⚗️

 In Basque we don't say “witch”, we say “sorgin” which translates as “creator”. 🖌️


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  • Me declaro fan incondicional de vuestra marca de camisetas en euskera y de la mitología vasca. ¡Qué cultura más rica! y qué majos sois los vascos. El año pasado fui a Donostia con mi marido y nos encanto, lo acogedores que sois los vascos, lo bien que se come, y aprendimos algunas palabras en euskera!! BIHOTZ PARIS, enhorabuena.

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